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Reestablished on February 5th 1990, the Romanian Peasant Museum is the continuator of a long museological tradition. In 1906 the first autonomous museum for peasant art was established. Lucky circumstances brought the art historian Alexandru Tzigara-Samurcaş as its first director. He renamed the institution the Ethnography and National Art Museum and from 1912 on, the National Art Museum. During the 40 years of Tzigara Samurcaş’ leadership the museum was in the avant-garde of European museology.

The so-called “liberation” of 1944 led to the “liberation” of the museum from its own home and its replacement with the Lenin-Stalin Museum.The National Art Museum moved, as a tenant, in Ştirbei Palace on Calea Victoriei, for 25 years and under a new name: the Popular Art Museum of the Romanian Popular/Socialist Republic. During this period, the museographers were forced to “forget” exhibiting some valuable collection pieces, especially the religious ones. However, they succeeded in increasing the heritage of the museum with three times as much objects of peasant art.

In 1978, the Popular Art Museum and the Village Museum are united in one institution. The unification mainly meant that most of collections of the Popular Art museum remained hidden in a long and unhealthy sleep until 1990 when the museum was reestablished and brought back to its home on Kiseleff no.3.

24 februarie: Dragobete





Deşi este o sărbătoare cu dată fixă, există variante zonale care se petrec la date diferite. I se spune Cap de Primăvară. Nu se prea ştie cine este acest Dragobete. În unele legende apare ca fiu al Babei Dochia, în altele are calitatea de cumnat al lui Lăzărică cel mort din dor de plăcinte.

Oricum, este tânăr şi, fiind tânăr, este protectorul dragostei şi al îndrăgostiţilor. Un fel de Sfântul Valentin. A fost comparat cu Eros şi Cupidon. De Dragobete se împerechează păsările şi se pun să facă cuib. Fetele şi băieţii merg la pădure să culeagă ghiocei şi să adune apă din zăpada netopită.


Irina Nicolau - "Ghidul sărbătorilor românești" (Humanitas, 1998) 




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