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ALEXANDRU TZIGARA-SAMURCAŞ

Born on April 4th 1872 in Bucharest in a family of small boyars, he goes to high school in Bucharest. In 1892 he is appointed custodian of the Antiquities Museum headed by Grigore Tocilescu. In 1893 he goes to study in Germany, at the München University, with King Carol’s support and Al. Odobescu’s advices; he studies art history there. He comes back to Romania and resigns from the Antiquity Museum in order to continue his studies in France and then, again, Germany, with an interest in museography. He studies with Wilhelm von Bode, a reformer of Berlin museums.
After finishing his studies he is appointed librarian and then director of the Carol I Foundation and professor in the Art History and Aesthetics Department of the Belle Arte School in Bucharest.
On October 1st 1906, Al. Tzigara Samurcaş is appointed director of the Museum of Ethnography, National Art, Decorative Art and Industrial Art renamed, in 1915, the National Art Museum Carol I. The new museum was temporarily hosted in the building of the former state coin factory on 3, Kiseleff Avenue, on the same spot where the palace of prince Mavrogheni used to be. From the beginning, Al. Tzigara-Samurcaş bases his museum on modern, scientific bases. His acquisitions considerably increase the collections, the main attraction being the house of Antonie Mogoş from Ceauru (Gorj) exhibited inside the museum.
A never-ending fight begins for acquiring the necessary funds to raise a new building (the current building of the museum). The plans where made in collaboration with the architect N. Ghica-Budeşti. To this purpose, he writes numerous newspaper articles that will be later gathered in his book “Romanian Museography” (1936). On June 30th, 1912 the foundation of the new building was laid. The construction was many times interrupted, so the building was only ready in 1941.
As long as he was director of the Museum, Al. Tzigara-Samurcaş lead a prodigious activity in connection with his other preoccupations: director of the Carol I Fundation and professor of art history and aesthetics in Cernăuţi. He writes articles on various topics, academic books, among which the ones on popular art are very important, holds conferences on the radio or at the Athenaeum, participates in international congresses and exhibitions. Al.Tzigara-Samurcaş becomes an important name in his field.
The situation becomes worse after the Second World War when the communist authorities dismiss him from the position of Museum director. In old age, sick and overly humiliated, the Father of the Museum on the Boulevard dies on April 1st, 1952.

REVISTA MARTOR, nr. 23 / 2018 // CURATING CHANGE IN THE MUSEUM







A apărut numărul 23/2018 al revistei MARTOR, „Curating Change in the Museum”, volum coordonat de Gruia Bădescu, Simina Bădică și Damiana Oțoiu. Tema numărului din acest an aduce împreună unsprezece texte științifice și studii de caz despre muzee care răspund provocărilor timpului, sunt inaugurate, în loc să fie închise, sunt îndrăznețe, în loc să fie precaute, în timp ce țin pasul cu normele de conservare și de păstrare a obiectelor și artefactelor pe care le au în grijă. Volumul se încheie cu două recenzii a două titluri de referință în lumea muzeelor. Totodată, numărul include un eseu vizual, cu o selecție de imagini din Arhiva de etnologie a Muzeului Național al Țăranului Român, imagini care intră în dialog cu articolele științifice.
Revista se găsește online integral, la adresa: http://martor.muzeultaranuluiroman.ro


Preț: 21,26 lei

Cuprins:
CURATING CHANGE IN THE MUSEUM

Entrance hall. Curatorial statement.
Gruia BĂDESCU, Simina BĂDICĂ, Damiana OȚOIU
Curating Change in the Museum: Introduction to the Volume

First Hall. Transitional Museology: Museums React to Social and Political Change
Joel PALHEGYI
Revolutionary Curating, Curating the Revolution: Socialist Museology in Yugoslav Croatia

Charline KOPF
Dakar’s Museum of Black Civilisations: Towards a New Imaginary of a Post-ethnographic Museum

Njabulo CHIPANGURA
Working with Contested Ethnographic Collections to Change “Old Museum” Perspectives: Mutare Museum, Eastern Zimbabwe, 2015-2017

Study Corner. The Antidote Museum 25 Years On
Irina NICOLAU
The Museums of the World and I. My Museum Experience in an Eastern European Country

Florian FOUCHÉ, Marianne MESNIL
Le musée antidote mis en pratique: regards croisés d’un artiste et d’une ethnologue sur le Musée du Paysan Roumain

Second hall. The Antifragile Museum: Embracing Change
Cheryl KLIMASZEWSKI
Towards a Typology of an Emergent Museum Form

Selma HARRINGTON, Branka DIMITRIJEVIĆ, Ashraf SALAMA
Cracks and Light: Observing the Resilience of the History Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Flaminia BARTOLINI
From Iconoclasm to Museum: Mussolini’s Villa in Rome as a Dictatorial Heritage Site

Martijn van GILS
Material Remembrance in Contentious Spaces: Framing Multi-Scalar Memories and National Culpability in the Museo della Fondazione della Shoah

Third Hall. Museums Reviews and Interviews
Jasmina AL-QAISI
Objects + Things = Stuff. A Visitor’s Guide to Berlin’s Museum der Dinge

Irina HASNAȘ HUBBARD, Iulia IORDAN
Elephants, Cockoos, Horses, and Me. A Different Exhibition About Toys


Exit Through the Bookshop

Janet Marstine, Critical Practice: Artists, Museums, Ethics, New York: Routledge, 2017, 212 pp.
(recensé par Martin HULLEBROECK)

Fiona Candlin. Micromuseology. An Analysis of Small Independent Museums, London and New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 2016, 224 pp.
(reviewed by Anca-Maria PĂNOIU)

Visual Archaeologies
by Viviana IACOB


 




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